Reza Shah Pahlavi

   Originally known as Reza Khan, the future shah of Iran began his career as an illiterate but successful army officer who ended the decrepit Qajar dynasty and in 1925 established himself as the head of the new Pahlavi dynasty.
   Like Mustafa Kemal Ataturk in Turkey, Reza Shah was a great modernizer, changing the name of his country from Persia to Iran; reorganizing the army, government, and finances; and making his country truly independent. He sought to accomplish the latter by applying the ancient Persian technique of protecting his country's independence by balancing such powerful foreign enemies as Great Britain and the Soviet Union, with a third force, Germany, a country he greatly admired. In the end, this proved his downfall as the former two took over Iran at the start of World War II and forced Reza Shah to abdicate in favor of his son, Muhammad Reza Shah Pahlavi.
   Reza Shah's centralization policies beat the Kurdish tribes of Iran into submission. His agents treacherously assassinated Ismail Agha Simko, the famous Iranian Kurdish rebel, in 1930, a time-honored Iranian tactic used again and again against Kurdish leaders. The shah's policies also included an attempt to impose the Persian language throughout the country, including on its Kurdish population. As one of its covert objectives, the Saadabad Treaty of 1937 (named for the shah's palace of Saadabad) sought to harmonize the policies of Iran, Turkey, and Iraq on the Kurdish issue, instead of having these three states try to use the Kurds against each other.

Historical Dictionary of the Kurds. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Reza Shah Pahlavi — ▪ shah of Iran Introduction also spelled  Riza Shah Pahlevi , original name  Reza Khan  born March 16, 1878, Alasht, Mazanderan province, Iran died July 26, 1944, Johannesburg  Iranian army officer who rose through army ranks to become shah of… …   Universalium

  • Reza Shah Pahlavi — Mohammad Reza Pahlavi Pour les articles homonymes, voir Muhammad Shah. Mohammad Reza Shah محمد رضا …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Reza Shah Pahlavi — biographical name 1878 1944 father of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi shah of Iran (1925 41) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Reza Shah Pahlavi — Re•za′ Shah′ Pah′lavi [[t]rɪˈzɑ[/t]] n. big Pahlavi I, 2) …   From formal English to slang

  • Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi — ▪ shah of Iran born October 26, 1919, Tehrān, Iran died July 27, 1980, Cairo, Egypt  shah of Iran from 1941 to 1979, who maintained a pro Western foreign policy and fostered economic development in Iran.       Mohammad Reza was the eldest son of… …   Universalium

  • Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi — Mohammad Reza Pahlavi Pour les articles homonymes, voir Muhammad Shah. Mohammad Reza Shah محمد رضا …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Muhammad Reza Shah Pahlavi — (1919 1979)    Usually known during his lifetime as simply the shah, Muhammad Reza Shah Pahlavi ascended the throne in Iran in 1941 after his father, Reza Shah Pahlavi, was forced to abdicate because of reputed pro German sentiments. The new shah …   Historical Dictionary of the Kurds

  • Reza Schah Pahlavi — mit Pahlavi Mütze Reza Schah Pahlavi (persisch ‏رضاشاه پهلوی‎ [rezɔːˈʃɔːh pæɦlæˈviː]); Reza Schah der Große, geboren als Reza Chan bzw. Reza Khan (persisch ‏ …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Reza Cyrus Pahlavi — Reza Pahlavi (1960 ) Reza Pahlavi رضا پهلوی …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Reza Shah — Reza Pahlavi Reza Shah رضا Empereur (chah) d Iran …   Wikipédia en Français

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